The following is a reference guide for crosscut saw tooth patterns. It redistributes select pages from the public domain U.S. Government publication “Crosscut Saw Manual” by the United State Forest Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- Click here to download the USDA Forest Service “Crosscut Saw Manual (Revised December 2003)”
- Click here to download USDA Forest Service “Saws That Sing: A Guide to Using Crosscut Saws (December 2004)”
- Plain Tooth Pattern – Cutter teeth only. Best for cutting dry, very hard or brittle small-diameter wood. Also known as a peg tooth pattern.
- M Tooth Pattern – Competition saw. Very aggressive cutting as teeth cut and rake. Depends on arm strength. Fatiguing. Best for cutting dry, medium-to-hard woods.
- Great American Tooth Pattern – Competition saw. Very aggressive cutting as teeth cut and rake. Depends on arm strength. Fatiguing. Best for cutting dry, medium-to-hard woods.
- Champion Tooth Pattern – Large cutter teeth and unset raker. Best for heavy sawing in extra hard, dry, or frozen wood. Also known as a tuttle tooth pattern.
- Lance Tooth Pattern – Best for cutting soft green timber (fir, spruce, and redwood).
- Perforated–Lance Tooth Pattern – Bridge strengthened cutter teeth. Best for all but hard and frozen wood.
- Cutter Teeth – Release wood fibers on each side of the kerf as it passes through a log
- Kerf – Is the slot a saw makes while cutting
- Set – Is the distance the tip of a cutter tooth is bent away from the saw plane
- Rakers – Break loose the cut fibers and remove them from the log
- Gullets – Store the severed wood fibers as they move through the kerf
- Tooth Spacing – Determines the size of the gullets and the aggressiveness of the cut
- Efficient rakers are slightly shorter than cutter teeth
- Raker depth of 0.008” is optimal for hard or dry wood
- Raker depth of 0.030” is optimal for soft springy wood
Testing a Saw
|Jumping or catching||
Other Reference Guides:
Manufactured Vintage Two-Man & One-Man Crosscut Saws
For illustrations and details of quality vintage saws by well known manufactures, check out the following guides.
- Vintage Two-Man & One-Man Crosscut Saw Reference Guide: E.C. Atkins (100+ saws)
- Vintage Two-Man & One-Man Crosscut Saw Reference Guide: Henry Disston & Sons, Inc. (90+ saws)
- Vintage Two-Man & One-Man Crosscut Saw Reference Guide: Simonds Mfg. Co. (65+ saws)
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